Clinical Study Design

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Robust Data From 2 Clinical Trials With More Than 2600 Patients

The Largest Number of Patients With RMS Studied in Pivotal Head-to-Head Trials With an Active Comparator (N=2659)1,2a

Study design for 2 Zeposia® clinical trials with more than 2600 RMS patients, who were studied in pivotal head-to-head trials with an active comparator
a2659 patients includes all 3 arms of the study: the 0.92-mg dose of ZEPOSIA, the 0.46-mg dose of ZEPOSIA (not approved for maintenance dose), and the 30-μg dose of Avonex.1,2

RMS=relapsing multiple sclerosis.

Study designs: SUNBEAM (1 year; N=1346) and RADIANCE (2 years; N=1313) were multicenter, randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, active treatment-controlled studies of daily oral ozanimod 0.46 mg (not approved for maintenance dose) or 0.92 mg vs weekly Avonex (interferon beta-1a), 30-μg intramuscular injection. Primary endpoint: ARR was assessed for ZEPOSIA and Avonex at 1 year and 2 years. Secondary endpoints: The number of new or enlarging T2 lesions and the number of GdE lesions were assessed for ZEPOSIA and Avonex at 1 year and 2 years. In addition, confirmed disability progression was prospectively evaluated for ZEPOSIA and Avonex in a pooled analysis from the 1-year and 2-year studies. There was no significant difference in 3-month confirmed disability between ZEPOSIA and Avonex.1-3

ARR=annualized relapse rate; GdE=gadolinium enhancing.

View Baseline Characteristics

Baseline characteristics remained consistent across both studies.1-3b

 Mean AgeMedian EDSS Score Mean Time Since Initial MS DiagnosisMean Number of Relapses in Previous
12 Months
Mean GdE Lesion CountMean T2 Lesion CountMean % of Patients Previously Treated With DMTsc
SUNBEAM35 Years2.53.7 Years1.31.85431%
RADIANCE36 Years2.53.8 Years1.31.74829%

bBaseline characteristics include the 0.92-mg dose of ZEPOSIA and the 30-μg dose of Avonex. The 0.46-mg dose of ZEPOSIA (not approved for maintenance dose) is not included.

cDMT includes a range of non-steroid therapies such as interferon beta-1a, pegylated interferon beta-1a, interferon beta-1b, glatiramer acetate, daclizumab, dimethyl fumarate, teriflunomide, and mitoxantrone (SUNBEAM only).

DMT=disease-modifying therapy; EDSS=Expanded Disability Status Scale; MS=multiple sclerosis.

Key Inclusion Criteria1,2

  • Ages 18 to 55
  • EDSS score of 0.0 to 5.0
  • Patients who had experienced at least 1 relapse within the prior year before screening, or 1 relapse within the prior 2 years before screening with evidence of at least a GdE lesion in the prior year
  • Clinically stable, with no relapse or corticosteroid treatment 1 month prior to screening until randomization

Key Exclusion Criteria1,2

  • Patients with primary progressive MS
  • Disease duration >15 years with an EDSS score of ≤2.0
  • Specific cardiac conditions (eg, recent MI, stroke, prolonged QTcF interval)
  • Resting heart rate <55 bpm at screening
  • Diabetes mellitus type 1, or uncontrolled diabetes mellitus type 2 with hemoglobin A1c >9% (SUNBEAM) or >7% (RADIANCE), or patients with diabetes who had significant comorbidities

bpm=beats per minute; MI=myocardial infarction; QTcF=corrected QT interval using Fridericia’s formula.

At Least 90% of Patients Taking ZEPOSIA Stayed on Therapy Through 1 and 2 Years3


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References: 1. Comi G, Kappos L, Selmaj KW, et al; SUNBEAM Study Investigators. Safety and efficacy of ozanimod versus interferon beta-1a in relapsing multiple sclerosis (SUNBEAM): a multicentre, randomised, minimum 12-month, phase 3 trial. Lancet Neurol. 2019;18(11):1009-1020 and Suppl 1-26. doi:10.1016/S1474-4422(19)30239-X 2. Cohen JA, Comi G, Selmaj KW, et al; RADIANCE Trial Investigators. Safety and efficacy of ozanimod versus interferon beta-1a in relapsing multiple sclerosis (RADIANCE): a multicentre, randomised, 24-month, phase 3 trial. Lancet Neurol. 2019;18(11):1021-1033 and Suppl 1-31. doi:10.1016/S1474-4422(19)30238-8 3. ZEPOSIA. Prescribing information. Bristol Myers Squibb; 2020.



ZEPOSIA is indicated for the treatment of relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis (MS), to include clinically isolated syndrome, relapsing-remitting disease, and active secondary progressive disease, in adults.



  • Patients who in the last 6 months, experienced myocardial infarction, unstable angina, stroke, transient ischemic attack (TIA), decompensated heart failure requiring hospitalization, or Class III/IV heart failure or have a presence of Mobitz type II second or third-degree atrioventricular (AV) block, sick sinus syndrome, or sino-atrial, unless the patient has a functioning pacemaker
  • Patients with severe untreated sleep apnea
  • Patients taking a monoamine oxidase (MAO) inhibitor

Infections: ZEPOSIA may increase the susceptibility to infections. Life-threatening and rare fatal infections have occurred in patients receiving ZEPOSIA. Obtain a recent (i.e., within 6 months or after discontinuation of prior MS therapy) complete blood count (CBC) including lymphocyte count before initiation of ZEPOSIA. Delay initiation of ZEPOSIA in patients with an active infection until the infection is resolved. Consider interruption of treatment with ZEPOSIA if a patient develops a serious infection. Continue monitoring for infections up to 3 months after discontinuing ZEPOSIA

  • Herpes zoster was reported as an adverse reaction in ZEPOSIA-treated patients. Herpes simplex encephalitis and varicella zoster meningitis have been reported with sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) receptor modulators. Patients without a healthcare professional-confirmed history of varicella (chickenpox), or without documentation of a full course of vaccination against varicella zoster virus (VZV), should be tested for antibodies to VZV before initiating ZEPOSIA. A full course of vaccination for antibody-negative patients with varicella vaccine is recommended prior to commencing treatment with ZEPOSIA
  • Cases of fatal cryptococcal meningitis (CM) were reported in patients treated with another S1P receptor modulator. If CM is suspected, ZEPOSIA should be suspended until cryptococcal infection has been excluded. If CM is diagnosed, appropriate treatment should be initiated.
  • Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy (PML) is an opportunistic viral infection of the brain that typically occurs in patients who are immunocompromised, and that usually leads to death or severe disability. No cases of PML were identified in active-controlled MS clinical trials with ZEPOSIA. PML has been reported in patients treated with S1P receptor modulators and other MS therapies and has been associated with some risk factors. If PML is suspected, withhold ZEPOSIA and perform an appropriate diagnostic evaluation. If confirmed, treatment with ZEPOSIA should be discontinued
  • In clinical studies, patients who received ZEPOSIA were not to receive concomitant treatment with antineoplastic, non-corticosteroid immunosuppressive, or immune-modulating therapies used for treatment of MS. Concomitant use of ZEPOSIA with any of these therapies would be expected to increase the risk of immunosuppression. When switching to ZEPOSIA from immunosuppressive medications, consider the duration of their effects and their mode of action to avoid unintended additive immunosuppressive effects
  • Use of live attenuated vaccines should be avoided during and for 3 months after treatment with ZEPOSIA. If live attenuated vaccine immunizations are required, administer at least 1 month prior to initiation of ZEPOSIA

Bradyarrhythmia and Atrioventricular Conduction Delays: Since initiation of ZEPOSIA may result in a transient decrease in heart rate and atrioventricular conduction delays, dose titration is recommended to help reduce cardiac effects. Initiation of ZEPOSIA without dose escalation may result in greater decreases in heart rate. If treatment with ZEPOSIA is considered, advice from a cardiologist should be sought for those individuals:

  • with significant QT prolongation
  • with arrhythmias requiring treatment with Class 1a or III anti-arrhythmic drugs
  • with ischemic heart disease, heart failure, history of cardiac arrest or myocardial infarction, cerebrovascular disease, and uncontrolled hypertension
  • with a history of Mobitz type II second-degree or higher AV block, sick-sinus syndrome, or sinoatrial heart block

Liver Injury: Elevations of aminotransferases may occur in patients receiving ZEPOSIA. Obtain liver function tests, if not recently available (i.e., within 6 months), before initiation of ZEPOSIA. Patients who develop symptoms suggestive of hepatic dysfunction should have hepatic enzymes checked and ZEPOSIA should be discontinued if significant liver injury is confirmed. Caution should be exercised when using ZEPOSIA in patients with history of significant liver disease

Fetal Risk: There are no adequate and well-controlled studies in pregnant women. Based on animal studies, ZEPOSIA may cause fetal harm. Women of childbearing potential should use effective contraception to avoid pregnancy during treatment and for 3 months after stopping ZEPOSIA

Increased Blood Pressure: Increase in systolic pressure was observed after about 3 months of treatment and persisted throughout treatment. Blood pressure should be monitored during treatment and managed appropriately. Certain foods that may contain very high amounts of tyramine could cause severe hypertension in patients taking ZEPOSIA. Patients should be advised to avoid foods containing a very large amount of tyramine while taking ZEPOSIA

Respiratory Effects: ZEPOSIA may cause a decline in pulmonary function. Spirometric evaluation of respiratory function should be performed during therapy, if clinically indicated

Macular edema: S1P modulators have been associated with an increased risk of macular edema. Patients with a history of uveitis or diabetes mellitus are at increased risk. Patients with a history of these conditions should have an ophthalmic evaluation of the fundus, including the macula, prior to treatment initiation and regular follow-up examinations. An ophthalmic evaluation is recommended in all patients at any time if there is a change in vision. Continued use of ZEPOSIA in patients with macular edema has not been evaluated; potential benefits and risks for the individual patient should be considered if deciding whether ZEPOSIA should be discontinued

Posterior Reversible Encephalopathy Syndrome (PRES): Rare cases of PRES have been reported in patients receiving a S1P receptor modulator. If a ZEPOSIA-treated patient develops unexpected neurological or psychiatric symptoms or any symptom/sign suggestive of an increase in intracranial pressure, a complete physical and neurological examination should be conducted. Symptoms of PRES are usually reversible but may evolve into ischemic stroke or cerebral hemorrhage. Delay in diagnosis and treatment may lead to permanent neurological sequelae. If PRES is suspected, treatment with ZEPOSIA should be discontinued

Unintended Additive Immunosuppressive Effects From Prior Immunosuppressive or Immune-Modulating Drugs: When switching from drugs with prolonged immune effects, the half-life and mode of action of these drugs must be considered to avoid unintended additive immunosuppressive effects while at the same time minimizing risk of disease reactivation. Initiating treatment with ZEPOSIA after treatment with alemtuzumab is not recommended

Severe Increase in Disability After Stopping ZEPOSIA: Severe exacerbation of disease, including disease rebound, has been rarely reported after discontinuation of a S1P receptor modulator. The possibility of severe exacerbation of disease should be considered after stopping ZEPOSIA treatment so patients should be monitored upon discontinuation

Immune System Effects After Stopping ZEPOSIA: After discontinuing ZEPOSIA, the median time for lymphocyte counts to return to the normal range was 30 days with approximately 90% of patients in the normal range within 3 months. Use of immunosuppressants within this period may lead to an additive effect on the immune system, therefore caution should be applied when initiating other drugs 4 weeks after the last dose of ZEPOSIA

Most common Adverse Reactions (≥ 4%): upper respiratory infection, hepatic transaminase elevation, orthostatic hypotension, urinary tract infection, back pain, and hypertension.

For additional safety information, please see the full Prescribing Information and Medication Guide.

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This information is intended for U.S. Healthcare Professionals.